Sick Leave


If a worker is unable to attend work due to sickness, he/she may get Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) that is money paid by law or contractual sick pay that is money a worker is entitled to according to his/her contract of employment. SSP is paid by employer for up to 28 weeks if worker’s weekly income is more than £109. Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) is paid at a fixed weekly rate of £86.70. The contract of employment may give an employee more than the amount of SSP and for a longer period. Contractual pay might not be the normal rate of pay, but it cannot be less than SSP. If a worker is for longer than 28 weeks or if a worker does not earn enough to qualify for SSP, he/she may qualify for Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) instead.

Medical Care

In UK General practitioners (GPs) are self-employed and have contracts to provide services for the National Health Service. GPs have a measure of discretion in accepting applications to join their patient lists. However, they cannot turn down an applicant on the grounds of race, gender, social class, age, religion, sexual orientation, appearance, disability or medical condition. If an employee needs hospital treatment or to consult a specialist, a NHS doctor will arrange it for them. In an emergency, the employee may be admitted directly to a hospital. Being registered with a GP does not necessarily mean entitlement to free NHS hospital treatment. If a person ordinarily resides in the United Kingdom, then he/she is entitled to free NHS hospital treatment. A person’s spouse/civil partner and children under the age of 16 (or under 19 if in full time education) are also entitled to free NHS hospital treatment if they are living with the person on a permanent basis.

Job Security

Termination or suspension of employment is unfair if the employee is terminated/suspended for the reason of disability. A person has a disability if he has a physical or mental impairment, which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. Any terms or conditions relating to incapacity for work due to illness or injury is also required to be included in employment contract.

Source: §1 & 4 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995; §4d of Employment Rights Act 1996

Regulations on Sick Leave

  • Employment Rights Act (ERA), 1996 last amended in 2012
  • Disability Discrimination Act, 1995